University of Kentucky College of Agriculture
ENTFACT-450

Some Insecticides/Acaricides Labeled for Use in Greenhouses and Interior Plantscapes

by Lee Townsend and Ric Bessin, Extension Entomologists
University of Kentucky College of Agriculture

 

Read the product label before purchasing and using any of these products. Note: Trade names are used to simplify the information presented in this newsletter. No endorsement by the Cooperative Extension Service is intended, nor is criticism implied of similar products that are not named.

 

Product Format

Brand name

Manufacturer

G=Greenhouse

I=Interiorscape

Signal Word

(Common name)

 

Restricted Entry Interval (ag)

Brief Description

 

BIOLOGICAL / BOTANICAL / PHYSICAL

Botanigard 22WP

Naturalis-O        

Mycotech

Whitmire Micro-Gen

G

I

Caution

(Beauveria bassiana spores strain GHA, TB-1)

REI 4 hrs ag or spray dry

Whitefly, aphids, thrips, psyllids, weevils, and mealybugs in ornamentals and vegetables, indoor/outdoor nurseries, greenhouses, shadehouses, commercial landscape/interiorscape

Active ingredient is a pathogenic fungus. Spores must land on insect, taking 3 to 7 days to kill.

 

Dipel DF

Valent 

G

Caution

Javelin WG Certis (Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki)

Agree WG Certis (Bt aizawai)

XenTari Valent (Bt aizawai)

REI 4 hrs

Caterpillars only, most effective against small larvae. Destroys the intestinal lining. Larvae stop feeding soon after ingestion but may not die for several days. For use on ornamentals, herbs, and selected vegetables.

 

Gnatrol

Valent

G

I

Caution

(Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis)

REI - 4 hr

Fungus gnat larvae only (no effect on shore flies) Ornamentals and vegetables. Apply with adequate water by soil drench

 

Insecticidal Soap 49.52 CF

Olympic

G

I

Warning

Safers Insecticidal Soap (Potassium salts of fatty acids)

REI 12 hrs

Ornamentals or vegetables

Causes substantial but temporary eye injury, skin irritation. Broad spectrum, contact only, foliar, aphids, crickets, earwigs, fungus gnats, mealybugs, mites. Soil drench for springtails Use soft water, avoid mechanical agitation, do not use on new transplants, newly rooted cuttings, or plants stressed by drought, avoid application when leaf temperature exceeds 85F

 

PT Ultra-Fine Oil

Whitmire Micro-Gen

G

I

Caution

(paraffinic oil)

REI 4 hrs

Broad spectrum contact insecticide that works by suffocation. Paraffinic oils have less chance of causing phytotoxicity than refined oils.

 

ENERGY DISRUPTOR

Pylon

Olympic

G

Caution

chlorfenapyr

REI 12 hrs

For use on greenhouse ornamentals to control mites, some caterpillars, and fungus gnat larvae. Good contact activity, excellent activity from ingestion. Disrupts ability of target pests to produce energy.


FEEDING DISRUPTOR

Endeavor 50WPG

Syngenta

G

I

Caution

(pymetrozine)

REI 12 hrs

For control of aphids and whiteflies on greenhouse ornamentals. Stops feeding activity of insect within hours. Insects remain on the plant for 2 to 4 days.

 

GROWTH REGULATOR / CHITIN INHIBITORS

Adept WSB

UniroyalIGR

G

I

Caution

 (diflubenzuron)

REI 12 hrs

disrupts molting process but is slow working

soil or foliar applications

Ornamentals to control shore flies fungus gnats as a coarse spray or drench. Armyworms, lepidopterous leafminers, whitefly suppression (combination or rotation). Exceeding label rates, volumes, number of applications can cause serious foliar injury to poinsettias, hibiscus, Regier begonia.

 

Azatin XL (azadirachtin)

Olympic

G

I

Caution

Ornazin 3% EC SePro

REI 12 hrs

Ornamentals, vegetables. Botanical insecticide from neem tree. Anti-feedant and growth regulator effects. Aphids, armyworms, beetles, fungus gnats, leafhoppers, leafminers, thrips, whiteflies. Controls larvae or nymphs but not adults. Interferes with molting process.

 

Citation 75WP

Syngenta

G

I

Caution

(cyromazine)

REI 12 hrs

Ornamentals To control dipterous leaf miners, fungus gnats, and shore flies.

 

Confirm T/O

DowAgro MAC

G

I

Caution

(tebufenozide)

REI 12 hrs

Ornamentals Narrow spectrum lepidopterous larvae - primarily by ingestion, best against small larvae.

 

Distance

Valent

G

I

Caution

(pyriproxyfen)

REI 12 hrs

To control insects such as whiteflies, scales, shore flies and fungus gnats; suppression of aphids and mealybugs. Affects all life stages, does not control adults but reduces production of viable eggs.

 

Enstar II

Wellmark

G

I

Warning

(S-kinoprene)

REI 4 hrs

Ornamentals Aphids, scales, whiteflies, fungus gnats, and other soft bodied insects

 

Ovation SC 

Aventis

G

Caution

(clofentezine)

REI = 12 hrs

For mite control on greenhouse ornamentals

 

Pedestal 10%SC

Uniroyal

G

Caution

(novaluron)

REI 12 hrs

For use on ornamentals to control thrips, whiteflies, leafminers, and caterpillars. Do not make sequential applications.

 

Precision

Syngenta

G

Caution

(fenoxycarb)

REI 12 hrs

Carbamate insecticide and growth regulator. Ornamentals for control of aphids, caterpillars, leafminers, mealybugs, mites, scales, weevils, and whiteflies.

 

NERVOUS SYSTEM

 

ORGANOPHOSPHATES - SYNAPTIC

DuraGuard ME*

Whitemire Micro-Gen

G

Caution

(microencapsulated chlorpyrifos)

REI 24 hrs

Control of a wide variety of insects on greenhouse ornamentals.

 

Orthene TR

Orthene 97

Whitmire Micro-Gen

Valent

G

Caution

(acephate)

REI 12 hrs

Broad spectrum contact and stomach poison. Ants, black vine weevils, aphids, bagworms, lacebugs, mealybugs, scales, grasshoppers, chinch bugs, mole crickets

 

SPINOSYN - POST SYNAPTIC

Conserve SC

DowAgro Science

G

Caution

(spinosad)

REI 4 hrs or spray dry

Spinosad is a fermentation metabolite of the actinomycete Saccharopolyspora spinosa, a soil-inhabiting microorganism with contact and stomach activity against caterpillars, some beetle larvae, leaf miners, and thrips.

 

CHLORONICOTINYL - POST SYNAPTIC

Marathon II F

Marathon 1G

Merit 75 WP

Olympic


Lesco

G

I

Caution

(imidacloprid)

REI 12 hrs

Ornamentals foliar applications and broadcast sprays. Controls variety of sucking insects, thrips suppression, some beetles. Good systemic via root uptake.

 

PYRETHRINS / PYRETHRIODS - AXONIC

Astro 3.2 EC

Permethrin Pro

FMC

TopPro

G

I

Caution

(permethrin)

REI 12 hrs Non-ag - When spray dry

Ornamentals broad spectrum chewing and sucking insects, contact or stomach poison. For use on plants intended for aesthetic purposes in interior plantscapes, ornamental gardens or parks. Not for use on plants grown for sale or for research purposes. Direct application to blooms may cause petal browning. Marginal leaf burn may occur in Salvia, Dieffenbachia and Pteris fern.

 

Decathalon 20 Wp

Olympic

G

I

Caution

(cyfluthrin)

REI 12 hrs

Ornamentals broad spectrum

 

Mavrik Aquaflo

Wellmark

G

I

Caution

Tau-fluvalinate

REI 12 hrs or spray dry

Use respirator for indoor applications

Broad

 

Pyreth-it

Whitmire Micro-gen

G

Caution

(pyrethrins + piperonyl butoxide)

12 hrs ag or spray dry

Botanical insecticide. Broad spectrum contact insecticide with quick knockdown but little residual effect. Extracted from certain Chrysanthemum flowers.

 

Scimitar GC

Syngenta

G

Caution

(lambda-cyhalothrin)

REI 24 hrs non-ag spray dry

Broad spectrum insecticide with some miticidal activity at higher rates. For use on greenhouse grown ornamentals

 

Talstar F

FMC

G

I

Caution

(bifenthrin)

Ornamentals for control of whiteflies, mites, thrips, aphids, fungus gnats, mealybugs and scales.

 

Tame 2.4 EC*

Valent

G

I

Warning

(fenpropathrin)

REI 24 H

Foliar spray for control of some mites, sucking insects, and a few other pests of ornamentals.

 

ACARICIDES

 

Akari 5SC

SePro

G

Warning

(fenpyroximate)

REI 12 hrs

Control of spider mites on greenhouse ornamentals. Most effective on larvae followed by nymphs, adults and eggs. The product blocks cell respiration causing the pest to lose motor control and collapse.

 

Avid EC

Syngenta

G

Warning

(abamectin)

REI 12 hrs or spray dry

Derived from soil organism Streptomyces avermitilis, it works at the nerve synapse. Controls mites and leafminers, suppresses aphids, whiteflies, and thrips on ornamental and foliage plants.

 

Cinnamite

Whitmire Micro-Gen

G

Caution

(cinnamaldehyde)

REI 4 hrs

A derivative of cinnamon oil, it is a botanical acaricide for control of aphids and mites on ornamentals, and vegetables.

 

Floramite

Uniroyal

G

I

Caution

(bifenazate)

REI 4 hrs or spray dry

Especially effective against spider, red, and grass mites. Does not adversely affect many predator mites and beneficial insects used in integrated control programs.

 

Ovation SC

Scott’s

G

Caution

(clofentezine)

REI 12 hrs

For mite control on greenhouse ornamentals

 

Sanmite 75WP   

BASF

G

Warning

(pyridaben)

REI 12 hrs

For mite control on greenhouse ornamentals

 

FUMIGANTS - SMOKES

 

DDVP Fumigator*

Fuller

G

Danger-Poison

(dichlorvos) OP

Organophosphate insecticide for control of red spiders (mites), aphids, whiteflies, and mealybugs

 

Nicotine Fumigator*

Fuller

G

Danger-Poison

(nicotine)

Botanical insecticide for control of aphids and thrips

 

Thiodan Insecticidal

Fuller

G

Danger-Poison

Smoke* (endosulfan)

Chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticide for control of aphids and whiteflies

 

Plantfume 103

Plant Products Corp.

G

Danger-Poison

Smoke Generator* (sulfotepp)

Organophosphate insecticide for control of aphids, spider mites, thrips, soft brown scale, mealybugs and whiteflies.

 

Total Release Aerosols - Contact

 

Attain TR and Micro TR

Whitmire Micro-Gen

G

Warning

(bifenthrin)

REI 12 hrs

Pyrethroid insecticide for control of aphids, armyworms, caterpillars, fungus gnats, mealybugs, plant bugs, scales, thrips, mites, and whiteflies of ornamentals in commercial greenhouses.

 

Duraplex TR*

Whitmire Micro-Gen

G

Warning

(chlorpyrifos + cyfluthrin)

REI 24 hrs

Organophosphate + pyrethroid insecticide for control of aphids, caterpillars, fungus gnats, mealybugs, mites, scales, shore flies, thrips, and whiteflies on ornamentals in commercial greenhouses.

 

Preclude TR

Whitmire Micro-Gen

G

Caution

(phenoxycarb)

12 hrs

Carbamate insecticide and growth regulator. Ornamentals for control of aphids, caterpillars, leafminers, mealybugs, mites, scales, weevils, and whiteflies.

 

PT 1100 Pyrethrum TR

Whitmire Micro-Gen

G

Warning

(pyrethrins + piperonyl butoxide)

REI 12 hrs

Botanical insecticide for use in commercial greenhouses to control a wide range of pests on herbs, vegetables, and ornamentals.

 

PT 1300 Orthene TR

Whitmire Micro-Gen

G

Caution

(acephate)

REI 24 hrs

Organophosphate insecticide for use in commercial greenhouses to control a wide range of pests on ornamentals.

 

Pyrethrum TR

Whitmire Micro-Gen

G

Caution

(pyrethrins + piperonyl butoxide)

REI 12 hrs

Botanical insecticide for control of a variety of insects on ornamental and vegetable plants

 

Issued: 1/03
Revised: 1/03

 

CAUTION! Pesticide recommendations in this publication are registered for use in Kentucky, USA ONLY! The use of some products may not be legal in your state or country. Please check with your local county agent or regulatory official before using any pesticide mentioned in this publication.

 

Of course, ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW LABEL DIRECTIONS FOR SAFE USE OF ANY PESTICIDE!

 

Images: University of Kentucky Entomology