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Financial Assistance Guide for Conservation Practices in Kentucky

An Interagency Landowner Assistance Technical Publication, First Edition

Jeffrey W. Stringer, Department of Forestry, University of Kentucky; Jeffery Sole, Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources; David Stipes and Mason Howell, Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture; Cary Perkins, Kentucky Division of Forestry, Department of Natural Resources


Determining which financial assistance program or mix of programs is best suited for developing a cost-share plan for a landowner can sometimes be a difficult task for technical assistance providers. In Kentucky, over 50 agriculture, forestry, and wildlife conservation practices are financially supported by more than 10 programs.

Often a given practice can be funded through several programs. The large number of programs and practices and the restrictions imposed by each program make it difficult to effectively plan a financial assistance package for a landowner.

This guide provides a concise reference of approved conservation practices and programs in Kentucky. Technical assistance providers can use this guide to quickly determine:

How to Use This Guide

The guide consists of two tables. Table 1 lists conservation practices supported by financial assistance programs. All the conservation practices and the supporting financial assistance programs approved for use in Kentucky are shown. Looking across a practice row will tell you not only which programs support the practice, but also whether the practice will be funded by itself or whether the practice is a component of another practice and must be implemented in conjunction with other practices.

Table 2 provides specific information about each program, including whether the funds are federal, state, or local; the type or method of payment; percent paid for by government or organization funds; and the maximum allowable payment during a given time frame. This table also provides information on any special program requirements and the availability of funds. The information in Table 2 is necessary to determine which programs represent the best deal for a landowner and how to mix the programs to achieve the best package.

For example, it is often better, for a particular practice, to obtain annual rental monies rather than cost-share monies. Also, state money can be used to satisfy matching requirements of federal programs, and therefore, a mix of programs can be used to provide monies for various practices implemented by one owner. While this guide can be used to develop a cost-share plan, the changing nature of financial assistance programs makes it necessary to constantly check with funding sources on program status and availability of funds.

A Cooperative Interagency Publication

Kentucky Division of Forestry

Cooperative Extension Service/University of Kentucky/Department of Forestry

Natural Resources Conservation Service

United States Department of Agriculture

Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources

Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet

Table 1. Conservation practices supported by financial assistance programs.
Habitat Improvement Program (HIP) Kentucky Partners for Wetland Wildlife (KPWW) Stewardship Incentive Program (SIP) Kentucky Soil Erosion and Water Quality Cost-Share Program Forestry Incentives Program (FIP) Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQUIP) Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) Quail Unlimited and National Wild Turkey Federation Local Wildlife Enhancement Projects
Animal waste utilization       X     X        
Composting facility       X     X        
Conservation easements               X      
Contour buffer strips X     X   X X   X   X
Critical area planting     X X     X        
Fence X   component X   X X component X   X
Field border X   X X   X X   X   X
Filter strip X   X X   X X X X   X
Fire break X             X X   X
Forestland erosion control     X X              
Forest site preparation X   X tree planting X X tree planting X tree planting X critical area X X   X
Grade stabilization structure       X   X X        
Grassed waterway X     X   X X       X
Grassland-pasture/hay/wildlife X     X     X       X
Grassland-wildlife X   X     X X X X   X
Green tree reservoir X X X     X   X X   X
Heavy use area       X     X        
Integrated crop management (ICM) & nutrient pest management       X     X        
Limited stream access for livestock       X     X   X    
Livestock stream crossing       X     X   X    
Livestock water (ponds-springs, pipeline-tanks)       X   X no ponds X   X no ponds    
Moist soil units & shallow water for wildlife X X X     X   X X   X
Nesting structures X X X         X     X
Pesticide containment facilities       X              
Prescribed burning X   X     X X   X   X
Residue management, no-till tobacco & vegetables       X     X        
Riparian area protection       X              
Riparian forest buffer X X X X X X X X X   X
Rotational prescribed grazing       X     X      
Sinkhole protection       X     X        
Site preparation for natural regeneration X   X   X           X
Stream crossing       X     X        
Streambank & shoreline protection X X X       X X X   X
Strip cropping       X              
Strip disking X         X X   X   X
Strip mowing X         X X   X   X
Subsurface drain       X   component component        
Terrace             X        
Tree/shrub planting (not Christmas trees) X X X X X X X critical area X X X X
Timber stand improvement (TSI) X   X X X           X
Underground outlet       X   component component        
Waste storage structure       X     X        
Waste management system/storage       X     X        
Waste treatment lagoon       X     X        
Waste utilization       X     X        
Water and sediment control basin       X     X        
Water diversion     X X     X        
Water well protection (testing, decommissioning)       X              
Wetland restoration X X component     X   X X   X
Wildlife food plots X       X       X  
Wildlife water hole X   X         X X   X
Component: a practice that is essential to the function of another conservation practice. Not normally funded alone.


Table 2. Variance in Kentucky programs supporting conservation practices.1
Program Financial and other factors
Source of Funds Sponsoring Agency or Organization2,3 Type of Payment Percent Paid For Maximum Allowable Funding (Dollars) Requirements Fund Availability 1999/2000
Habitat Improvement Program (HIP) state KDFWR cost share/incentive @ 75 1,000/yr must have a HIP plan available
Kentucky Partners for Wetland Wildlife (KPWW) state KDFWR, NRCS, USFWS cost share/incentive 50 5,000/yr preference to bottomlands and wetlands available
Stewardship Incentive Program (SIP) federal KDF, KDFWR, NRCS cost share/incentive 50 10,000/federal fiscal yr minimum 10 acres of land, must have a forest stewardship plan or equivalent and maintain practices for 10 years program funding limited to carryover funds, no new allocations
Kentucky Soil Erosion and Water Quality Cost-Share Program state KDOC cost share/incentive 60-75 animal waste: 20,000 other: 7,500/yr/


silvicultural and agricultural operations available
Forestry Incentives Program (FIP) federal NRCS, KDF cost share/incentive 50 10,000/federal fiscal yr minimum production 50 cubic ft/acre/yr; tree planting: 2 acres; minimum site preparation: 5 acres; TSI: 10 acres $22,000
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) federal FSA, NRCS, KDFWR, KDF cost share/incentive and annual rental 50 50,000/yr land cover enhancement or protection on eligible land available
Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQUIP) federal NRCS, KDFWR cost share/incentive 75 10,000/yr 50,000/contract addresses priority resource concerns on agricultural lands available
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) federal NRCS, KDFWR cost share/incentive and easement 75-100 no limit wetlands used for crop or forage production: prior converted wetland, farmed wetland, farmed wetland pasture, degraded or manipulated wetland available
Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) federal NRCS, KDFWR cost share/incentive 75 10,000/contract > 5 acres required in contract available
Quail Unlimited and National Wild Turkey Federation local QU/NWTF cost share/incentive NA NA all landowners available
Local Wildlife Enhancement Projects local KDFWR cost share/incentive 75-100 1,000/yr or total all landowners available
1All data based on allocations and regulations as of fall 1999.

2Underlined agencies are those responsible for fund allocation. Other agencies participate as technical providers.

3Key: KDFWR = Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, NRCS = Natural Resources Conservation Service, USFWS = U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, KDF = Kentucky Division of Forestry, KDOC = Kentucky Division of Conservation, FSA = Farm Service Agency, QU = Quail Unlimited, NWTF= National Wild Turkey Federation.


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