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FOR-69: Field Guide to Best Management Practices for Timber Harvesting in Kentucky

Appendix A: Regulatory Requirements All Silvicultural Operations, 401 KAR 5:026, 5:029, 5:030, and 5:031

All operations must meet Kentucky water quality standards.

Activities Near High-quality Waters and Outstanding National Resources Waters, 401 KAR 5:029, 5:030, and 5:031. Kentucky water quality standards (401 KAR 5:029) require the use of BMPs to protect high-quality waters and outstanding national resources waters listed in 401 KAR 5:030. In addition, outstanding resource waters that support federally listed threatened and endangered species require protection (see 401 KAR 5:031).

Activities Near Wild Rivers, KRS 146.200 et seq. and 401 KAR 4:100-140. The Kentucky Wild Rivers Act and associated regulations give special protection to streams designated as “wild rivers,” including regulation of silvicultural activity. Before undertaking any silvicultural activity in a corridor of a designated wild river, the landowner or logger should contact the Wild Rivers Program of the Kentucky Division of Water for applicable regulations and instructions.

Debris in Floodplains, KRS 151.250. The Kentucky Division of Water has authority over the placement of debris (including logging slash) in floodplains of perennial streams that have a drainage area larger than one-square mile. The Division of Water advises that as long as the BMPs for Streamside Management Zones and logging debris are followed, landowners and loggers will be considered in compliance with floodplain regulations that address debris. If these BMPs are not followed, the Kentucky Division of Water can institute enforcement proceedings.

Construction in Floodplains, KRS 151.250. All structures (bridges, berms, or other construction that could obstruct flood flows) that are to be constructed in the floodplain of a perennial stream that drains more than one-square mile require a floodplain permit from the Kentucky Division of Water.

Filling or Draining of Wetlands, U.S. Clean Water Act, Section 404. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers regulates all filling or draining of wetlands, streams, lakes, or other bodies of water. Normal ongoing silvicultural activities, including building and maintaining forest roads, do not require individual permits, providing certain conditions are met, including adherence to the federal baseline BMPs for forest roads. For detailed information on the silvicultural exemption, contact the Kentucky Division of Forestry.

Activities around Sinkholes and Cave Entrances, KRS 433.870-433.875. The Kentucky Cave Protection Act offers protection to any sinkhole, pit, karst window, and/or sinking stream that has an opening large enough for a person to enter a black zone. The Federal Cave Protection Act is used to manage nonrenewable cave resources on federal lands. Management techniques include buffer zones around sinkhole and cave entrances to provide food sources for cave life, regulate thermal variations, and prevent sedimentation. Extremely sensitive karst systems can include the entire recharge area as a buffer zone.

Endangered Species in Caves, Federal Register 55:6184-6229 and 56:58804-58836. The Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission maintains the list of Kentucky plants and animals that are considered endangered, threatened, and of special concern. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service administers the federal Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended in 1990, and the 1991 Candidate Review. Many species protected by these acts live in caves and can be threatened by pollutants entering sinkholes.

Modified Sinkholes. Any sinkhole that has been modified to receive additional storm water runoff can be classified as a Class V Underground Injection Control (UIC) Well, which must be registered and/or permitted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Underground Injection Control Program.

Cave Streams and Other Underground Surface Waters. Kentucky surface water statutes and regulations have defined subterranean streams that flow underground and have discrete banks and channels, such as cave streams, as surface waters. Several karst groundwater basins in the Mammoth Cave National Park that extend well outside of the Park’s boundary have been designated as Outstanding Resource Waters and receive the same special protection of species as the blind shrimp in Mammoth Cave.

Karst Groundwater Basin Protection. The federal and state Wellhead Protection Programs are developing karst groundwater basin protection plans for public water supplies that use karst springs or groundwater as their water source.

Application of Sludge. The application of some organic materials, such as sludge, can require a permit for compliance with federal and/or state regulations. For more information regarding permits required for the application of sludge, contact the Kentucky Division of Waste Management.

Application of Pesticides. Use only pesticides approved by the Environmental Protection Agency for use in Kentucky. Follow all pesticide label directions. Application of some chemicals can require applicator certification and/or licensing.

Appendix B: Kentucky Bodies of Water Designated as Coldwater Aquatic Habitats

The additional protection given to SMZs bordering Coldwater Aquatic Habitats, as described in the BMP guidelines for SMZs, extends only to the main stem of listed streams.

Body of Water Zone County
Big Sandy River Basin
Paintsville Lake Entire Reservoir Johnson
Little Sandy River Basin
Big Caney Creek Source to Grayson Lake Elliott
Big Sinking Creek River Mile 6.0 to Little Sandy River Carter
Laurel Creek Source to Little Sandy River Elliott
Greenbo Lake Entire Reservoir Greenup
Licking River Basin
Craney Creek Source to North Fork Licking River Rowan/Morgan
Licking River River Mile 176.8 (Cave Run Lake Dam) to River Mile 169.6 (U.S. Highway 60 bridge.) Bath/Rowan
Kentucky River Basin
Chimney Top Creek Basin Wolfe
Dix River Herrington Lake Dam to Kentucky River Garrard/Mercer
East Fork Indian Creek Source to Indian Creek Menifee
Gladie Creek Basin Menifee
Middle Fork Red River Source to River Mile 10.6 Powell
Parched Corn Creek Source to Red River Wolfe
Swift Camp Creek Source to Red River Wolfe
Bert Combs Lake Entire Reservoir Clay
Fishpond Lake Entire Reservoir Letcher
Mill Creek Lake Entire Reservoir Wolfe
Green River Basin
Beaver Dam Creek Source to Green River Edmonson
Buffalo Creek Source to Green River (in Mammoth Cave National Park) Edmonson
Lick Creek Source to West Fork of Drakes Creek Simpson
Lynn Camp Creek Source to Green River Hart
Underground River System Mammoth Cave National Park Barren Edmonson/Hart
Turnhole Spring Basin Edmonson/Barren
Echo River Basin Edmonson
Pike Spring Basin Edmonson
Mile 205.7 Spring Basin Hart
McCoy Spring Basin Hart
Suds Spring Basin Hart/Barren
Nolin River River Mile 7.6 (Nolin Lake Dam) to Green River Edmonson
Rough River River Mile 89.3 (Rough River Dam) to River Mile 72.4 Ohio/Grayson
Roundstone Creek Source to Kentucky Highway 1140 (River Mile 3.5) Hart
Trammel Fork Source to Kentucky Highway 31E (River Mile 23.6) Warren
Lower Cumberland River Basin
Casey Creek Source to Little River Trigg
Skinframe Creek Source to Livingston Creek Lyon
Sulphur Spring Creek Source to Red River Simpson
Ohio River Basin
Doe Run Creek Source to Kentucky Highway 1628 (River Mile 5.15) Meade
Sinking Creek Source to Kentucky Highway 259 (River Mile 4.0) Breckinridge
Upper Cumberland River Basin
Bad Branch Basin Letcher
Bark Camp Creek Basin Whitley
Beaver Creek Basin McCreary
Breeden's Creek Basin Harlan
Bunches Creek Basin Whitley
Cane Creek Basin Laurel
Cogur Fork Basin McCreary
Cumberland River Lake Cumberland Dam (River Mile 460.9) to Kentucky Highway 90 bridge (River Mile 426.5) Cumberland
Difficulty Creek Basin McCreary
Dogslaughter Creek Basin Whitley
Fugitt Creek Basin Harlan
Indian Creek Source to Barren Fork McCreary
Kelly Branch Basin Harlan
Laurel Creek River Mile 9.0 to River Mile 3.4 McCreary
Looney Creek Basin above River Mile 5.3 Harlan
Martin's Fork Basin above River Mile 27.4 Harlan
Poor Fork Cumberland River Basin above River Mile 742.7 Letcher
Razor Fork Basin Harlan
Rock Creek Tennessee/Kentucky State Line (River Mile 21.9) to White Oak Creek McCreary
Shillalah Creek Source to Cumberland Gap Bell
National Historical Park Boundary
Sugar Run Source to Cumberland Gap National Bell
Historical Park Boundary
Troublesome Creek Basin McCreary
White Oak Creek Basin above River Mile 1.2 (includes Little White Oak Creek) Laurel
Wood Creek Wood Creek Lake Dam (River Laurel
Mile 4.0) to Hazel Patch Creek
Beulah (Tyner) Reservoir Entire Reservoir Jackson
Cannon Creek Lake Entire Reservoir Bell
Laurel River Lake Entire Reservoir Laurel
Wood Creek Lake Entire Reservoir Laurel

Appendix C: Locations of Kentucky Wild Rivers

Body of Water Zone County
Cumberland River Basin
Bad Branch Headwaters to KY 932 Letcher
Big South Fork Cumberland River TN State Line to Blue Heron (Mile 55.2 to Mile 45.0) McCreary
Cumberland River Summer Shoals to Lake Cumberland ( Mile 574.6 to Mile 558.5) McCreary, Whitley
Little South Fork Cumberland River KY 92 to Lake Cumberland (Mile 14.5 to Mile 4.1) McCreary, Wayne
Martins Fork Boundary of Cumberland Gap National Historic Park to KY 987 (Mile 31.3 to Mile 27.4) Harlan
Rock Creek TN State Line to White Oak Creek (Mile 21.9 to Mile 3.9) McCreary
Rockcastle River KY 1956 at Billows to Lake Cumberland Rockcastle, Laurel, Pulaski
Green River Basin
Green River East boundary of Mammoth Cave National Park to Lock and Dam No. 6 at Brownsville (Mile 207.7 to Mile 181.7) Edmonson, Hart
Kentucky River Basin
Red River KY 746 to Swift Camp Creek (Mile 68.6 to Mile 59.5) Wolfe, Menifee

Appendix D: High-Quality Waters

Stream Zone County
Little Sandy River Basin
Arabs Fork* Source to confluence with Clay Fork Carter
Big Caney Creek* Source to Grayson Lake Elliot
Big Stinking Creek* Source to River Mile 10.7 Carter
Laurel Creek* Source to River Mile 7.6 Elliot
Licking River Basin
Bucket Branch* Source to confluence with North Fork of the Licking River Morgan
Devils Fork* Source to confluence with North Fork of the Licking River Morgan
North Fork of Licking River* Source to River Mile 13.0 Morgan
Kentucky River Basin
Clear Creek* Source to River Mile 4.1 Woodford
Clemons Fork* Source to Buckhorn Creek Breathitt
Coles Fork* Source to Buckhorn Creek Breathitt
Right Fork of Buffalo Creek* Source to Buffalo Creek Owsley
South Fork of Station Camp Creek* Source to River Mile 5.3 Jackson
Station Camp Creek* River Mile 22.3 to 19.0 Estill
Sturgeon Creek* Source to River Mile 4.0 Lee
Salt River Basin
Salt Lick Creek* Source to River Mile 5.3 Marion
Wilson Creek* Source to River Mile 12.2 Bullitt
Green River Basin
Beaverdam Creek* Source to River Mile 7.6 Edmonson
Gasper River* Source to River Mile 32.3 Logan
Goose Creek* Source to River Mile 5.6 Casey
Green River River Mile 207.8 to 181.7 Edmonson
Russell Creek* Source to River Mile 60.5 Adair
Trammel Fork* River Mile 30.15 (Kentucky/Tennessee State line) to River Mile 19.4 Allen
Lower Cumberland River Basin
Whippoorwill Creek* Source to Red River Logan
Tennessee River Basin
Blood River* River Mile 15.65 (KY/TN state line) to 15.1 Calloway
Soldier Creek* River Mile 5.3 to 2.6 Marshall
Tradewater River Basin
Sandlick Creek* Source to River Mile 3.5 Christian
Tradewater River* Source to River Mile 126.0 Christian
Ohio River Basin
Yellowbank Creek* Source to River Mile 4.4 Breckinridge
Lakes and Reservoirs
Metropolis Entire Lake McCracken
Swan Entire Lake Ballard
Mississippi River Basin (Main Stem and Minor Tributaries)
Murphy's Pond Entire Pond and Preserve Area Hickman
Upper Cumberland River Basin
Bad Branch* Source to confluence with Poor Fork of Cumberland River Letcher
Bark Camp Creek* Source to River Mile 2.6 Whitley
Buck Creek* River Mile 62.6 to 28.9 Pulaski
Cane Creek* Source to River Mile 7.0 Laurel
Cumberland River River Mile 574.6 to 558.5 (Headwaters of Lake Cumberland) McCreary/Whitley
Eagle Creek* Source to River Mile 3.0 McCreary
Horse Lick Creek* Source to River Mile 12.3 Jackson
Little South Fork of Cumberland River River Mile 35.6 to 4.1 Wayne
Marsh Creek* Source to River Mile 12.6 McCreary
Martins Fork of Cumberland River River Mile 31.3 to 27.4 Harlan
Rock Creek TN/KY State Line (River Mile 21.9) to White Oak Creek McCreary
Rockcastle River River Mile 24.4 to 8.5 Laurel/Pulaski
South Fork of Dog Slaughter Creek* Source to Dog Slaughter Creek Whitley
* Bodies of water in the Kentucky Cabinet for Natural Resources and Environmental Protection reference reach network

Appendix E: Surface Waters Categorized as Outstanding National Resource Waters

Stream Zone County
Red River River Mile 68.6 to 49.2 Menifee/Wolfe
Underground River System Within Mammoth Cave National Park Edmonson/ Hart/
Boundary Barren
Big South Fork of Cumberland River River Mile 55.2 to 45.0 McCreary

Appendix F: Technical Assistance Providers: State Offices

The application of BMPs in the field requires a certain amount of planning before initiating the forest activity. Considerable information is currently available from state and federal agencies. The following agencies are available for technical assistance in Kentucky and have representatives that operate on a local county level. Industrial and consulting foresters are also available for information and assistance.

Kentucky Division of Forestry
627 Comanche Trail
Frankfort, KY 40601
(502) 564-4496

Natural Resources Conservation Service
771 Corporate Drive, Suite 110
Lexington, KY 40503
(606) 224-7350

Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources
No. 1 Game Farm Road
Frankfort, KY 40601
(502) 564-3400

University of Kentucky
Cooperative Extension Service
College of Agriculture-Department of Forestry
T.P. Cooper Bldg.
Lexington, KY 40546-0073
(606) 257-7596

Kentucky Division of Water
14 Reilly Road
Frankfort, KY 40601
(502) 564-3410

Kentucky Division of Forestry
District Offices

Northeastern District
Kentucky Division of Forestry
749 West First Street
Morehead, KY 40351
(606) 784-7504

Central District
Kentucky Division of Forestry
P.O. Box 663
Elizabethtown, KY 42702
(502) 766-5010

Southeastern District
Kentucky Division of Forestry
P.O. Box 130
Pineville, KY 40977
(606) 337-3011

South Central District
Kentucky Division of Forestry
120 Gaines Drive
Campbellsville, KY 42718
(502) 465-5071

Kentucky River District
Kentucky Division of Forestry
P.O. Box 702
Hazard, KY 41702
(606) 435-6073

Green River District
Kentucky Division of Forestry
P.O. Box 465
Madisonville, KY 42431
(502) 824-7527

Eastern District
Kentucky Division of Forestry
P.O. Box 189
Betsy Layne, KY 41605
(606) 478-4495

Western District
Kentucky Division of Forestry
P.O. Box 349
Mayfield, KY 42066
(502) 247-3913

Bluegrass District
Kentucky Division of Forestry
P.O. Box 30
Stamping Ground, KY 40379
(502) 535-7741

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