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University of Kentucky College of Agriculture

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Welcome to the Agripedia Glossary. This glossary contains terms that are used in the classes contained within Agripedia. Some of the words may point you to other web sites containing additional information on that topic.

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abductors
absentee landlord
acidic
actin
additive
adductors
adenine
Adenosine Triphosphate
aerobic
agalactia
age/sex structure
agricultural biotechnology
Agricultural Experiment Station
agricultural revolution
Agrobacterium tumefaciens
Agronomy
algae
alkaline
allele
alluvial aquifer
Ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3)
Ammonium polyphosphate (APP)
Ammonium sulfate
Anatomy
anaerobic
Anhydrous ammonia (NH3)
animal waste facilities
anovulatory
antinomycetes
anthelmintics
anthropods
antibiotics
antisense
aquaculture
aquifer
arachnids
artesian aquifer
ascarids
ascomycetes
asymmetrical gait
Ataxia
available soil water
ax

B

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baby boom
baby busts
bactericides
Bacteriology
barbed wire
barley
basidiomycetes
bearings
beef
beef jerky
bench terraces
Best Management Practice (BMP)
biennials
binder
biodiesel
biodiversity
biolistics
biological revolution
biomass
biomass derived fuels
biotechnology
biotrophs
birth rate
Black Death
Body Condition Score
bonanza farms
Borlaug, Norman
Botany
bots
botulism
Brachial Plexus
breeding
breeding cycle
breeds of livestock
broad spectrum fungicides
brush harrow
bST (bovine Somatotropin)
BTU
bubonic plague
buffalo
buffer pH
buffer strip
bulbourethral glands
Bureau of Standards
bushel
by-products

C

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cDNA
calorie
canter
capillary water
Capper-Volstead Act of 1922
carbon dioxide
carbon exchange capacity
carcinogen
Cardiac Output
carrying capacity
castration
cattle drives
cecum
cellulose
cervix
chaff
channel capacity
chemical energy
chemical revolution
Chemistry
chemotaxis
child mortality rate
child-survival rates
cholesterol
chytridiomycetes
cilliophora (paramecium)
Clean Water Act
clods
clone
Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972
codon
Colic
colleges of agriculture
collembola (springtails)
colluvium
combine
commercial logging
commodity (market) value
commons
Communications
Complexes
Computer Science
confined aquifer
confinement
Conservation Compliance
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)
conservation tillage
construction standards
contact fungicides
contact herbicides
contour farming
contraceptives
conversion efficiencies
Cooperative Extension Service
copulation
corn
corn pickers
cornucopian thesis
corporate farm
Corpus Luteum
Corpus Cavernosum
Corpus Spongiosum
Cortisol
cotton
cover crops
creatine phosphate
creep feed
cremaster muscle
cropland
crop lien system of credit
crop population
crop rotation
crown gall
crude birth rate
crude death rate
cryptorchid
cultivation
curative fungicides
cytosine

D

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daily sperm production
daily sperm output
dairy cattle
deep percolation
defoamers
deforestation
degree day
dehydration
Delaney Clause
De minimus risk
denitrification
desertification
developing nation
Diammonium phosphate (DAP)
diatoms
Diestrus
diffusion
digestive system - cattle
digestive system - chicken
digestive system - horse
digestive system - swine
distillation
DNA
Doctrine of Appropriation
Doctrine of Riparian Rights
domesticated
doubling time
draft stock
drain
drift control agents
drill
drought-resistant plants
dry cell battery
dry farming
drying of grains
dry milling process
Duration of Competition

E

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Ecology
ecological niche
Economic injury levels
Economics
Economic Threshold
ectoparasite
edema
E. coli
Ehrlich, Paul
ejaculation
electrolyte
Embryo
Embryology
Eminent Domain, Right of
enchytraeid worms
encsystment
Endometrial Cups
energy
Engineering
enterotoxemia
Entomology
entropy
Epiphysitis
environment
environmental degradation
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
enzyme
enzyme pathway inhibitors
epididymis
Equine Viral Arteritis
Equine Chorionic Gonadotropin (eCG)
Equine Viral
Rhinopneumontis

Equine Encephalomyelitis
Equine Infectious Anemia
eroded lands
erosion
Estrogen
Estrous Cycle
Estrus
ethanol
Ethology
euglena
evaporation
evapotranspiration
exobiology
extensor
extrinsic

F

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Fair Packaging & Labeling Act
fallow
fallowing land
family farm
famines
family planning
farm
Farmall
farm machines
farm mechanization
farm mortgage
Food and Drug Adminstration (FDA)
fecal coliform bacteria
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)
fed lamb
feeder calf
feeder lamb
feeder pig
feeder steer or heifer
feeding
feedlots
feed stock
female infanticide
fermentation
fertility
fertility rates
fertilization
fertilizer
fertilizer and chemical storage/loading facilities
fiber
field crop production
filter strip
Finance
First Law of Thermodynamics
fish catch
fisheries
flagellated fungi (oomycetes)
flail
Flavr Savr tomato
flexor
flight space
floating teeth
flywheel
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Follicle
Food Additives Amendment (1958)
food aid
Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act (1990)
Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)
food pyramid
food deficiency diseases
food quality
food processing
food safety
food sufficiency
force
forest
forest production
fossil fuels
free-living nematodes
freshwater
fruit
fruit rots
fruit and vegetable production
fungicides
furrow

G

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gait
gallop
gametes
gang plow
gene
gene expression
genetic code
genetic engineering
genetic gain
genetic improvement
genetics
genotype
germ
gestation
global warming
glucose
gluten
glycogen
glycolysis
Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone
grain/cereal production
grain combines
grain drill
grain elevator
grain storage
gram negative cells
gram positive cells
gram staining
Generally Regarded as Safe (GRAS)
grasshopper plagues
grasslands
grass waterways
gravitational potential
gravitational water
grazing capacity
grazing fees
grazing herds
Great American Desert
green algae
Green Revolution
greenspace
groundwater
groundwater monitoring
groundwater pollution
growth rate
growth regulators
guanine
gullying

H

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hand broadcast
hand weeding
Hardin, Garrett
harvest
harvester
Hatch Act of 1887
hay
hay balers
hazardous waste
heath
hectare
hedge
Hematocrit
hemicellulose
herbicides
herders
heritability
hoe
holding capacity
Homestead Act of 1862
hoppers
hormones
Horse Bots
horses
hothouse lamb
hygroscopic water
Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis
Hypothalamus

I

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immobilization
individual property rights
induced cryptorchid
industrialization of agriculture
infant mortality rate
infection
infiltration
Influenza
infrastructure
infundibulum
integrated pest management
interception
internal combustion engine
Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
International Harvester
intrinsic
irradiation
irrigation
irrigation ditches
isoptera (termites)
itinerant threshing rigs
IUD

J

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jerky
J.I. Case Companies
John Deere

K

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karst aquifer
Kentucky Division of Water
kinetic energy

L

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laminitis
land grant college
land use capacity
land use conflict
land use planning
Law
leaching
leaf spots
legumes
lentils
levee
lifeboat ethics
life expectancy
ligation
limestone
limestone geologies
liming
limits thesis
lithopanspermia
livestock production
locally systemic fungicides
loess
logging
Lumbo-sacral plexus
Luteinizing Hormone

M

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macrofauna
malnourishment
malnutrition
Malthus, Thomas
manmade waterway
manure
marbling
mariculture
market hog
market value
mass flow
mastigophora
matric potential
maximum contaminant levels
McCormick Reaper
meat
meat consumption
mechanical revolution
mechanization
melatonin
merismatic root inhibitors
merismatic shoot inhibitors
messenger RNA
Microbiology
microinjection
migrants
migration
milk-fed lamb
milk production
milling of corn
mineralization
mineralize
mineral leasing
minute volume
mollisol
Monammonium phosphate (MAP)
monorchid
Morrill Act of 1862
mortality
mortality rates
mowing
mule-drawn plow
mules
mutton
mycoplasmas
myosin
myxomycetes (slime molds)

N

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National Institute of Standards and Technology
national population policies
native grasses
natural (food safety)
natural decrease
natural drainage classes
natural habitat
natural increase
natural resources
necrotrophs
nematicides
nematodes
nematode root feeding
net migration rate
neurotransmitter
"neutral" pH
nitrates
nitrification
nitrogen oxides
nitrogen uptake
nonconsumptive value
nonpoint source pollution
nonrenewable resources
nucleotide
nutrients
nutrition
Nutritional Secondary Hypoparathyroidism

O

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oats
oil concentrates
Ordinance of 1787
Ordinary superphosphate
orphan land
osmotrophs
osteochondrosis
ova, ovum
ovariectomy
ovaries
overburden potential
overfishing
overgrazing
over-harvesting
overlap time
overpopulation
over-watering of fields
Oviduct
Ovulatory
oxidative phosphorylation
Oxytocin

P

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Pace
parasite
Paso Fino
paso corto
Paso Largo
pasteurization
pasture
pasture animal production
pathogen
Pathology
Parasitology
penis
per capita dietary energy
per capita energy use
per capita gross domestic
production

percolation
percolation rates
pest control
pesticides
pesticide standards
pest resistant plants
pH
phagocytosis
phagotrophs
phenotype
pheromone traps
phinocytosis
phosphates
Phosphorus
photosynthesis
phyllosphere
phyotosynthetic inhibitors
Physiology
pigment inhibitors
Pineal Gland
pinworm
plasmid
plow design
pneumonia
pneumonic plague
Point Source Pollution
Political Science
population densities
population distribution
population explosion
population growth rate
population momentum
population policy
population pyramid
pork
Posilac
Potassium
Potassium chloride
Potassium nitrate
Potassium sulfate
potato
potato blights
potential energy
poultry
power
preplasmic space
preservative
pressure potential
pressure potential
primary tillage
Private Property Rights
Progesterone
proof (as in ethanol)
property rights
Proprioceptors
prostate
protective fungicides
protein
protozoa
public property rights

Q

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R

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rabies
rack
radiopanspermia
range improvements
ratchet effect
rate of natural increase
recharge area
recombinant DNA
recreation
rectum
Red Fifehard spring wheat
Redox potential
Relaxin
remediation
renewable energy resources
replication
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
resource depletion
resource value
respiration or ETS
restriction endonuclease
rhizoplane
rhizosphere
ribosomes
rice
Right of Eminent Domain
ripening
risk benefit
RNA
roasting pig
root crops
root rots
rotifers
row spacing
running walk
rural depopulation

S

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saccharin
Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA)
salinization
Salmonella
salt buildup
salt meat
saprotrophs
sarcodina (amoeba)
sarcolemma
sarcomere
sarcoplasmic reticulum
scrotum
scythe
section
secondary tillage
Second Law of Thermodynamics
sediment
sedimentation
seed or seeding
seed drill
seeder
selection
selective cultivation
self-propelled combine
self-propelled equipment
semen
seminal vesicles
seminiferous tubules
separator
septicemic plague
sharecropping
shocks of wheat
shoot blights
sickle
Simon, Julian
sinkholes
sinking streams
slash-and-burn cultivators
slaughter steer or heifer
Slow Gait
Smith-Hughes Act of 1917
Smith-Lever Cooperative Extension Act (1914)
sodbuster
soil
soil conservation
soil erosion
soil fertility
soil fungiments
soil mapping unit
soil microbiology
soil organic matter
soil pH
soil phases
soil quality
soil root zone
soil series
soil structure
soil textural classes
soil texture
soil types
sowing
sperm
spermatic cord
sporozoa
spray drift
springs
spring-toothed harrow
squatters
stag
staples
starch
steam engine
steeping
sterile mycelia
sterilization
stocker calf
Spermatogenesis
Stance Phase
Stem rots
strangles
straw
Stride Frequency
Stride Duration
Stride length
Stride
strip cropping
stroke volume
strongyle
storage of grain crops
stubble
stubble mulch tillage
subsurface drainage
sugar fungi (zygomycetes)
"summer annuals"
surface drainage
Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (1977)
surface runoff
surface water
surfactants
Suspension Phase
sustainable agriculture
swampbuster
swine
Swing Phase
switch grass
Symmetrical gait
symphasis of pelvis
synthetic pesticides
systemic fungicides

T

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taking
tandem disk
technological advance
tenant farming
terrace system
terracing
testicles
Testosterone
tetanus
thermal energy
thermodynamics
three-disc plow
thresher
thymine
tidal volume
timber
timber revenues
tomato plant
topsoil
toxins
tractor
transcription
transfection (transduction)
Transfer of Development Rights (TDR)
transformation
transgenic
translation
transpiration
transportation (grain crops)
treatment guidelines
triage
triglycerides
Triple superphosphate (TSP)
tropomyosin
troponin
trot
tubular system
turbellaria (flatworms)
twine binder

U

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undernourishment
uracil
urban development
urbanization
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
urease
ureau
urethra
use value
uterus

V

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vagina
vascular wilts
vas deferens
vasectomy
veal calf
vegetative filter strips
vermicomposing
viroids
viruses
Volatile Fatty Acids
vulva

W

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wage labor
wagons
walk
walking plow
waterlogging
water potential
Water Quality Incentives Program
water ranching
watershed
water table
waterways
weed density
weed distribution
weed resistant plants
weeding
well
wetlands
Wetlands Reserve Program
wet milling process
wheat
wilting point
windmill
winnower
"winter annuals"
winter wheat
Wobbler Syndrome
work
World Bank
world grain harvest
world meat production

X

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Y

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yeast
yellow green algae

Z

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zero population growth
zero risk
zero tolerance
Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
zoning
Zoology

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