2007 -2009 Undergraduate Research in Nutrition and Food Science
Introduction: The prevalence of tobacco use on college campuses has been increasing for years. Approximately 32.9% of all college students regularly use some form of tobacco. One of the underlying reasons for the use of tobacco is the myth of weight loss or weight maintenance from nicotine consumption.
Objectives: This study's objectives were to investigate if nicotine consumption affects weight gain, BMI and caloric intake.
Methods: Two hundred surveys were passed out to students on the campus of the University of Kentucky. Surveys were discarded if the individual was not between the ages of 18-25, was not enrolled at the University of Kentucky, gave incomplete data or extremely fabricated the data given. The surveys asked questions about tobacco use, age, gender, weight (1 year ago and current) and reasoning for tobacco use.
Results: Out of 145 qualified participants, only 21 (17%) were tobacco users. Of those tobacco users only 4% justified their consumption of tobacco products as a weight related purpose. Weight changes over a one year period for tobacco users was not significantly different than the weight changes of non-tobacco users. The same held true for BMI.
Conclusion: The BMI and weight changes over a years time was not significantly different when comparing tobacco users and non-tobacco users. Also, caloric intake was the same for both experimental groups so there seemed to be no affect on appetite.