With regards to poultry, the term 'brooding' refers to two tasks performed by the parents:
- To sit on and cover eggs for the purpose of hatching the young
- To sit over and cover young in order to warm and protect them
Young birds are unable to regulate their own body temperature. As a result, adequate heat (not too much and not too little) must be provided for the first few weeks, with the number of weeks depending on the species and current environmental conditions.
The information provided below primarily covers artificial brooding of young poultry (i.e., chicks, poults, ducklings, etc.). The Modern Homestead website gives more information on natural brooding.
Environmental factors to control when brooding chicks (University of Georgia)
Basic poultry brooding for small flock owners (Agri-Facts, Canada)
Brooding of domestic fowl (Virginia Tech)
Small flock series: Brooding and rearing baby chicks (University of Missouri)
Brooding and rearing baby chicks (Oregon State University)
Giving chicks a good start (University of Maine)
Turkey brooding and management: Giving poults a good start (University of Maine)
Brooding and rearing ducklings and goslings (University of Missouri)
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