The term pheasant is technically a term for a group of large species of fowl in the family Phasianidae which includes the partridge, guinea fowl, peafowl, quail and francolins.
Typically, however, the term pheasant is used for birds such as the ring-necked pheasant. These pheasants are raised commercially for meat and/or for release in hunting preserves.
- Pheasant = singular; Pheasants = plural
- Hen = adult female pheasant
- Cock = adult male pheasant
- Pullet = young female pheasant under one year of age
- Cockerel = young male pheasant under one year of age
- Chick/Poult = young (baby) pheasant
The most commonly raised partridge include the Hungarian partridge and the chukar redleg partridge (often referred to simply as a chukar). The main purpose for raising partridge (and chukar) is for release in hunting preserves.
- Partridge = singular; Partridges = plural
- Hen = adult female partridge
- Cock = adult male partridge
- Chick/Cheeper = young (baby) partridge
Guinea fowl are typically raised for meat. They can also be kept as guard animals since they are very 'vocal' when anything new enters the farm yard. Guinea fowl have also been used as a natural method for controlling ticks, especially in areas where Lyme diseases is a problem.
- Guinea fowl = singular and plural
Note: 'Guinea fowl' is the correct name for the species though they are frequently referred to as 'guinea hens', which would be only the females of the species
- Guinea hen = adult female guinea fowl
- Guinea pullet = female guinea fowl under one year of age
- Guinea cock = adult male guinea fowl
- Guinea cockerel = male guinea fowl under one year of age
- Keet = young (baby) guinea fowl
Peafowl are usually kept for ornamental purposes although they are sometimes raised for meat.
- Peafowl = singular and plural forms
Note: As with guinea fowl, 'peafowl' is the correct name for the species though they are frequently referred to as 'Peacocks', which would be only the males of the species
- Peahen = adult female peafowl
- Peacock = adult male peafowl
- Peachick = young (baby) peafowl
There are a number of different species of quail raised commercially:
- Bobwhite quail - Raised primarily for meat production or for release in hunting preserves, especially in southeastern United States
- Coturnix (Japanese) quail - Raised for either meat or egg production depending on the strain used
- Button and Chinese-painted quail - These two small species of quail are sometimes raised for aviaries or as companion birds
- Quail = singular and plural forms
- Hen = adult female quail
- Cock = adult male quail
- Chick/Cheeper = young (baby) quail